The term caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfa) refers to the first form of government inspired by Islam. It was initially led by Sahaba-e-karam (RA) as a continuation of the political authority huzoor (SAW) had established, known as the ‘khilafat-e-rashida’. It represented the political unity of the Muslim Ummah, and was the world’s first major welfare state. A “caliphate” is also a state which implements such a government.

Dr. Israr Ahmed- Islam ka siyasi nizam

Sheikh Imran Hosein – Imam Al-Mahdi; the Return of the Caliphate

Zaid Hamid- The Fall of Caliphate

Zaid Hamid- Khilafat-e-Rashida

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